Low-land Nepal Bird watching Tour
Nepal is a paradise for bird watching lovers with over 848 species (almost 8% of the world total) of birds. Chitwan National Park and Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve are two hotspots for bird watching. Chitwan is renowned for its array of birds with over 255 species recorded. There are many species of parakeets. Other birds include Blue-Throat (thrush), Long-tailed Nightjar, Indian Peafowl, Great Barbet, red-billed blue magpie and Tickell & red breasted blue flycatcher. After Visiting Chitwan, Our trip lead towards Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve which is also renowned for being one of the best locations for bird watching.. It is on the Sapta Koshi floodplain means that the environment of this reserve varies dramatically according to the seasons. During the Monsoon (May to September) the rain becomes torrential and covers most of the floodplain, while during the dry seasons, many flat, sandy islands are exposed. The habitat is a combination of scrub grassland and deciduous riverine forest with over 280 species of birds recorded so far including 20 species of duck, ibises, storks, swamp partridges (Francolinus gularis), herons, egrets, Bengal floricans (Eupodotis Bengalensis) and many other exotic and migratory waterfowl not found elsewhere in Nepal.
The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, established in 1976, covers 175 sqkm. The vegetation is mainly tall Khar-pater grassland with a few patches of Khair-sissoo, scrub forest and deciduous mixed riverine forest. The Reserve offers important habitat for a variety of wildlife. The last surviving population (about 100 individuals) of Wild Buffalo are found here. Other mammals occurring here are hog deer, wild boar, spotted deer and blue bull. The Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve houses over 400 species of birds, including two species that are not found elsewhere in Nepal - the spotted wren babbler and the olive ground warbler. Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve offers 280 species of land birds, including 20 species of ducks, 2 species of ibises, many storks, egrets, herons and the endangered swamp partridge and Bengal florican.
Arrive Kathmandu Airport, meeting and transfer to Hotel Royal Singi – Centrally located 4 Star. ChitanNationalPark photo by JimmyChew
Full day birding around PhulChowki Hill – Phulchowki (2760 m) is the highest of the mountains encircling the Kathmandu Valley. This broad-leafed-sub tropical forest is the richest for birds and wildlife in the valley and remains the most convenient place to see some of the birds that are rare or local to Nepal. Phulchowki lies 18 km south east of Kathmandu above Godawari Village (1525 m).
Post breakfast, drive to Chitwan National Park (165 km, about 4.5 hours). Chitwan National Park stands today as a successful testimony to nature conservation in South Asia. This is the first national park in Nepal, established in 1973 to preserve a unique ecosystem that is significantly valuable to the whole world. The park, covering a pristine area of 932 sq. km, is situated in the subtropical inner Terai lowlands of the southern central part of Nepal. The park gained much wider recognition around the world when UNESCO included this area on the list of World Heritage Sites in 1984.
Formerly, the Chitwan Valley was well known for big game and was exclusively managed as a hunting reserve for the Rana Prime Ministers and their guests until 1950. In 1963, the area south of Rapti was demarcated as a rhinoceros sanctuary. In 1970, His late Majesty King Mahendra approved in principle the creation of Chitwan National Park.
The park consists of churia hills, oxbow lakes, and flood plains of the Rapti, Reu, and Narayani rivers. The Churia hill rises gradually towards the east from 150 m to over 800 m. The lower but most rugged Someshwor hills occupy most of the western portion of the park. The flood plains of Chitwan are rich alluvial. The park boundaries have been delineated by the Narayani and Rapti rivers in the north and west, and the Reu river and Someshwor hills in the south and south-west. It shares its eastern border with Parsa Wildlife Reserve.
Overnight at Tiger Land or similar
Drive Chitwan/Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve: Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve lies on the alluvial flood plain of the Sapta Koshi River in southeastern lowland. Almost all the eastern and western embankments of the river define the area. Arna of wild Buffalo (Bubalus bubalis), Blue Bull (Bocelaphus tragocamelus), and Gangetic Dolphin (Platanista gangetic) are the main attractions of this reserve. The lesser mammalian species include varieties of deer, cats, otters, bats, boar, etc. Around 300 species of birds have been recorded in the reserve area, which mostly include waterfowl, birds of prey, waders, and other water birds.
Overnight at Koshi Tappu Wildlife Camp or similar
Early morning, birding tour in National Park and after the breakfast drive to Koshi Tappu. Upon arrival, refreshment and roam around the camp, rest and dinner overnight.
Transfer to Biratnagar Airport and fly back to Kathmandu. Overnight at Royal Singi In the evening, transfer to a Nepalese Restaurant for a typical Nepalese Dinner with a live cultural program.
Transfer to airport for final Departure depending upon the flight time.
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